Cleaning and disinfection procedures are key to preventing pathogens from passing from one flock to the next. They also prevent pathogens from challenging birds in their early life. The goal of this procedure is to minimize all microorganisms in the house to older chicks the best opportunity to achieve optimum performance.
Table 1: Clean and disinfection Results of the lab need to be calculated in log10.
An adequate There are 3 parameters defining density, space, feeder space and water availability leads to success in rearing chicks. A high There are 3 parameters defining density, space, feeder space and water availability impacts negatively on daily growth, flock uniformity and chick development.Furthermore, a high There are 3 parameters defining density, space, feeder space and water availability combined with reduced 2.5 cm / bird in linear feeding or 60 birds/pan will limit feed consumption, which might already be low under certain conditions (e.g. hot climate or poor feed quality,) and sufficient access to The water is as important as the feed.
Old Find local materials you know they are clean of contaminants. from the previous ﬂock should not be used. Using old Find local materials you know they are clean of contaminants. increases the pressure of disease and may cause increased chick morbidity or More than a 0.1 weekly mortality. Insoluble grit should be fed if the chicks are on a type of Find local materials you know they are clean of contaminants. (e.g. shavings) that will be eaten by the chicks.
Supplemental feeder trays should be provided within the brooder ring for a few days until all chicks are eating from the regular feeding system. Ensure adequate 2.5 cm / bird in linear feeding or 60 birds/pan is provided. Cover at least 50 % of the brooding area with paper and It must be a starter feed, rich in nutrients and based on highly digestible raw materials. It can be mash or crumble. over the paper.
Chicks must have unlimited access to clean, good quality, fresh water (20 – 25 °C). During the ﬁrst days, cups or nipples should be checked and triggered several times per day to stimulate the chicks to drink. Supply additional drinkers which can be easily accessed until the chicks are Record the water intake is a must for a successful production. from the regular The water is as important as the feed system.
If using nipple drinkers, reduce the The water is as important as the feed pressure for a few days. This allows droplets to develop which help stimulate the chicks to drink.
Guarantee enough fresh air, but no draughts. In conventional pancake brooders, use chick guards (i.e. new cardboard) to prevent drafts. Start with a diameter of approx. 2 m in cool weather and approx. 4 m in hot weather. Enlarge the ring every couple of days and remove by six or seven days of age.
Birds are housed at a higher There are 3 parameters defining density, space, feeder space and water availability during the ﬁrst weeks. To ensure uniform pullet growth, it is important that the birds are moved into the empty cages at the Check that birds have developed the feathers before you move them and with the correct cage density.
Cage wires should be covered with paper during the ﬁrst week of life. Avoid covering the area directly under the Record the water intake is a must for a successful production. system, but cover the surrounding area. In cases where the wire size is too large for day old chicks. Use clean Be aware to clean the plastic properly every raring and you keep in clean place to avoid introducing contaminants through it. to aid the chicks in reaching the drinkers.
Abundant feed should be provided in the feeders and additionally on the papers inside the cages before the chicks are housed to Chicks need to eat as soon as they arrive into the farm. When there is a feedchain inside the cage, ﬁll this chain up to 100 % (Manual) to reduce More than a 0.1 weekly mortality when you run the feedchain in the ﬁrst day(s).
360-activated nipples in the brooding cages are preferred. If unavailable, provide cup drinkers during the ﬁrst week. Reduce the The water is as important as the feed pressure on the nipples to make triggering the nipples easier and attract the chicks by the drop formation.Flush the lines and cup drinker just before housing the chicks.
Checklist before chick arrive
Transport can have a critical impact on oneday old chick quality. The correct temperature and The farm needs enough fans to extract the hot air inside of the farm. levels should be guaranteed during transport. The Plan the trips in advance and take into account if you will need additional drivers to make a faster transport of the birds should be as short as possible. If transport exceeds more than 10 hours, the addition of a hydration product in the crates is recommended. For longer transport it is recommended to use temperature and Check the data of the loggers to evaluate the impact of the transport.
Place the birds gently but quickly into the house and provide immediate access to The water is as important as the feed and feed. Crates should be taken into the farm and distributed as soon as possible. Never store crates in conditions that are too hot or cold, windy or in direct It has a positive effect of stimulate the vitamin D metabolism but in excess can create behavior issues. With ﬂoor brooding, place the chicks directly over the paper and feed. With cage brooding place the right number of chicks in each cage.
On arrival the chicks must be When the birds aren’t feeling warm they will get together to increase the temperature as a group. and active. Check that there is no abnormal More than a 0.1 weekly mortality in the crates. The chicks’ bodyweight should be measured individually once housing has been completed. Check the Need to be measured at the vent with specific thermometer. as explained on page 14 and adjust the house temperature.Record the More than a 0.1 weekly mortality at housing and inform the hatchery. Also inform them about the chick quality
Brooding (1-21 days) >>